For designing any website or a web application it requires two major components: Frontend and Backend. Frontend mainly focuses on UI designing and Backend focuses on database and server-side handling. Frontend Framework is a way of making these development tasks simpler. In this article, we focus on the list of top frontend frameworks and libraries in use today.
Angular framework is a cross-platform framework for designing a user interface for creating a single page, multipage application. Initially introduced by Google corporation in 2012. It was built with the Model-View-Controller concept. This framework introduced many powerful features allowing the developer to create single-page applications quite easily.
One fact to keep in mind – Angular is a web framework for creating a UI for any webpages. While AngularJS is a library released before Angular framework version 2.
- Cross-Platform: Due to features of cross-platform it can create any app native application, web application or hybrid application. For example, an application created on the android platform we can run that application on Mac or Windows also. We don’t have to create an application for each platform it will be managed by Angular itself.
- Productivity: Angular provides a UI template that is easy to use. It is also having a feature of fast deployment of an application. Like create an app, run and deploy that application on a web server.
- Modular and Fast: With the latest Ivy compiler, Angular framework has got modular and extremely light in its footprint. Ivy compiler makes DOM manipulation comparatively faster than before.
- Two-way data binding: Angular was built with Model-View-Controller architecture. The framework synchronized the Model and the View. As the data in the Model changes, the View does too. This allows the development of applications faster and makes application as a synchronized application.
- Dependency injection: Dependencies define how different pieces of code interact with each other and how the changes in one component impact the other ones. Usually, dependencies are defined in the components. So that every change in dependency requires changing components as well.
- Reusability: Concept of reusability means code which is used repetitively in an application so to define that code in every part of that website, it is easy to create a component and use that component in an application than to write that piece of code again. So it increases the coding efficiency and readability.
- Full-fledged framework: Angular framework is a suite of all-you-need for frontend development. It houses modules for data binding, ajax requests, interceptors and DOM manipulation.
To get more information about Angular framework, you can get it from official documentation at https://angular.io/docs
- Reusability: React also supports features of the reusability of code using components. In component, we can combine JSX and HTML elements into one. The components in ReactJS can be defined as classes or functions and imported in any page of the application. They can also be created as standalone components and published as a module for others to use.
- Responsibility separation: When we want to change the object data, the developers only need to modify its state and make changes that allow other components to change its state respectively. This can be achieved by using its elements such as state and props.
- Virtual DOM: React always uses a virtual Document Object Model to render pages. Due to the use of virtual DOM, it decreases the high load of libraries while loading any web application. This means the pages of a ReactJS application loads comparatively faster than Angular framework.
- Faster rendering: Due to use of Virtual DOM in React it render pages faster as compared to other server engines because it renders all page at once, and when client request for particular page then it will not go to the server again for that request it will render that page from Virtual JS engine only.
- Learn once – Write anywhere: React Js follow this principle very precisely. It means we have to write code once and can implement that code in different applications it requires. Due to this benefit, it makes React to create a web application and React Native application.
To get more information about ReactJs you can refer their official documentation at https://reactjs.org
- Animation/Transition: VueJS also provides the transition and animation facility to any HTML element which is added or removed from DOM. VueJS has its built-in transition available which can be a wrap to element or component when required. We can also use third party libraries also to integrate with our HTML element.
- Template: VueJS provides HTML-based templates that bind the DOM with the Vue instance data. Vue compiles the templates into Virtual DOM Render functions. This render function that is generated can be used respectively whenever we required in our template. VueJS follow template structure such as it requires HTML, CSS, JS folder and then starts its execution.
- Performance: We all know about the fact that the success of any framework is depends on its speed and its performance in different aspects. In the same way, VueJS is a lightweight framework that is easy to install and can learn and create an application in a short time. The size of the framework is comparatively less than other JS framework but it does not mean it is less efficient. Due to the lightweight library, it is very fast and efficient in performance.
- Watchers: VueJS has it’s inbuilt watchers which monitors the data changes in an application form. We do not add additional events or log to trace the input data which is entered. It all handled by VueJS inbuilt watchers.
- Two-way communication: VueJS has its main advantages over some JS frameworks such as React is that it only supports one-way communication, whereas VueJS supports two-way communication the same as Angular. In two-way communication data flow is like whenever we make changes in our UI is passed to our data and changes are done in our data are reflected in our UI. Therefore it is also known as Reactive because it reacts whenever any data is passed.
To get more information about VueJs you can refer their official documentation at https://vuejs.org
Flutter is an open source, cross platform, mobile development framework which consists UI software development kit (SDK). It is created by Google in 2017. It allows us to create a single base application which can run on any platform such as Android, IOS, Windows. Flutter code get compiled directly into machine code so it eliminates the OS related dependencies. It uses a Dart programming language.
- Performance: Flutter uses a Dart language which reduces compilation time of loading heavy libraries and increases the overall performance of an application. The performance also increases due to minimal code. Flutter uses a Dart Virtual Machine(VM) which works as we make any changes in the code it will reflect directly in an application. As any changes come VM automatically compiles and rebuilds the widget directory which shows us the updated view of an application.
- Flexible UI: Flutter is having main features is of its flexible and expressive UI. There is no limitation on the UI point on view in Flutter. It allows us full customization of every pixel of the screen that we can use video, audio, graphics, animation, and text without any limitation.
- Widgets: Widget is said to be a class hierarchy in the Flutter framework. Flutter framework’s best feature is its widget support. In widget support, we can create an interface and view such as it works on all platforms. Widgets provide features like navigation, scrolling, icons, and fonts in the flutter framework to create a responsive application.
- Compatibility: Flutter uses a widget for the development of an application. Widget is a part of an application and it does not depend on any platform. So to load such widgets does not create any type of issues, which increases the compatibility of flutter application.
- Integration: Flutter is an open-source mobile development framework that allows an application to integrate any third-party libraries tools which are required for creating an application, which is required to run an application on a different platform.
- Reactive framework : Flutter allows us to add different feature that won’t run on other platform. It is totally depend on framework and its rendering engine. Flutter uses Skia for rendering purpose. With reactive framework, developers do not need to update UI contents manually. Once the variables are updated, the UI changes will be visible automatically according to variables updated value.
To know more about Flutter you can refer their official documentation at https://flutter.dev/docs
Svelte is also a component-based framework such as VueJS, ReactJS, but there is a difference between them that is virtual DOM. React uses V-DOM for converting its components into a declarative state-driven statement which increases execution time. While Svelte builds its runtime code into imperative statements which reduces execution time. Svelte developed by Rich Harris in 2016.
- Minimal Code: Less the code faster execution of an application. Svelte uses less amount of code so it is fast as compared to other JS frameworks. Execution also depends on framework boilerplate code(sections of code that have to be included in many places with little or no alteration).
- No use of complex libraries: In an open-source framework it requires third-party libraries to store the current state of a page of the application. So to overcome third party libraries in an application svelte comes with a solution that has its own state management solutions.
- Reactive: Svelte is also a reactive JS framework. We define a variable and it automatically treats that variable as reactive. We update variable and everything depends on that variable also changes. Svelte changes variable value at compile-time only it does not change a value at run time as other framework does which uses V-DOM.
To know more about Svelte you can refer their official documentation at https://svelte.dev/
- Linked State: React uses arrow functions within a render() method in order to update the state in response to events. Creating functions within scope on every render is inefficient and forces the garbage collector to do more work than is necessary. In contrast to this Preact overcome the solution with the use of
linkStatemodule it is having an inbuilt function which returns and store value in the component. When multiple calls to that component occur it cached that component and name which reduces the overhead of garbage collector to call that function again and again.
- Performance: Preact is fast in execution not because of its size of 3KB. But it also has lightweight libraries which take less time to load necessary JS required for Preact performance. Preact performance also depends on its lightweight V-DOM also.
- Portable: Preact lightweight application can be easily portable to one device to another. Preact also has a benefit of embeddable, it does not require any complex integration to an application. It embeds into a widget and applies that same tools to build a full application.
- Ecosystem compatible: As React supports component reusability in the same way Preact also supports component reusability. We can use thousands of React components in our Preact application. We just have to add an alias preact/compat and we can use the React component in our Preact application.
To know more about Preact visit at https://preactjs.com/
The article captured the best frontend frameworks that exist in the market today. These frameworks make it easy to build excellent frontend for web applications as well as mobile applications. With the right library, your frontend development task is simplified a lot. Let us know which ones your favourite!